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Marcia: Strictly speaking, an impeachment is not a criminal proceeding. The Constitution grants a number of rights to the accused, but none of those apply to an impeachment. Nevertheless, an impeachment has been set up to resemble a criminal trial. First, there is an informal investigation which corresponds to the investigations several House committees conducted before the inquiry was formalized. Next, there is a grand jury hearing, in which witnesses testify secretly so that their testimonies can be compared with each other. The House's formal inquiry corresponds to a grand jury hearing. Next, there is an indictment with a list of charges. The indictment corresponds to the adoption of articles of impeachment by the full House of Representatives. Next, there is a trial with a judge and a jury. In an impeachment, the trial is conducted in the Senate with the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court acting as judge, the House of Representatives acting as the prosecution, and the full Senate acting as the jury. During the trial, both sides will be allowed to call witnesses and cross examine the other side's witnesses. There are a few differences between a criminal trial and an impeachment. In a criminal trial, a verdict must be unanimous. In an impeachment, a guilty verdict requires a 2/3 majority of all those senators present, which may or may not be the full Senate. If an accused criminal has been tried, he may never be charged again for the same crime. If a president is impeached, he may face criminal indictment for the same offense for which he was impeached. The Constitution defines the penalty for conviction in an impeachment. If convicted, a president must be removed from office and he could optionally be barred from ever working for the government again in any capacity. If Trump is impeached, he will have legal rights and he will have due process, even though the Constitution does not grant them.