Diesel cars: 6 important things everyone should know (but may not)
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Here are six important things you should know about diesels.
1) They're at their most efficient on the highway
Hybrid cars and diesels are both known for fuel efficiency, but both go about it in very different ways.
If you've ever looked at the EPA stickers for each gas-saving vehicle, you'll have noticed that hybrids do particularly well in city driving, and diesels on the highway. That highway performance is because diesel vehicles develop plenty of power and torque at relatively low engine revolutions.
That means you can pair them with quite tall gearing. And that in turn means they not only sit at low, efficient revs at highway speeds, but there's generally enough power available that you aren't forever changing down when climbing hills, wasting even more fuel.
2) Diesel fuel is pricier
In some countries, running a diesel is a no-brainer from an economic standpoint. In some European countries, and in places like India, diesel is cheaper than gasoline--so the financial benefits are huge. That isn't the case in the U.S, for three key reasons--explained by the U.S. Energy Information Administration.
The first is demand. As a fuel oil with a greater spectrum of uses than gasoline, demand is high worldwide. Relatively low supply to demand keeps prices high. In vehicles, the lower-polluting, lower-sulfur diesels used in road transport are more expensive to produce, pushing up the price.
Finally, federal taxation on diesel is 24.4 cents per gallon--6 cents more than gasoline.
3) The cars are pricier too
It isn't just the fuel that costs more--the cars are more expensive too. A Volkswagen Jetta TDI starts at $23,055, around four grand more than a 170-horsepower 2.5-liter gasoline Jetta, and only a few thousand less than the $24,995 hybrid model with its twin drivetrains and battery pack.
Those differences are reflected across the board for diesel models. To meet tough emissions regulations, modern diesels are more complex than the average gasoline engine--with urea injection and other systems to clean up their tailpipes.
In an effort to improve driveability and refinement, dual-mass flywheels, particulate filters and extra sound-dampening also add to the vehicle's cost of manufacture. And that cost is passed down to you.
4) Diesel smells...
This you might not know--or maybe it's the reason you still won't touch even the modern diesel cars, despite their improvements. Unlike gasoline, which rapidly evaporates in air, diesel lingers for longer. It doesn't smell particularly pleasant and it's slick to the touch, which isn't great considering how many fuel pump handles seem to be covered in the stuff.
We just wish more U.S. stations would supply disposable gloves like their counterparts in Europe--it makes filling with diesel much more pleasant.